Sapna
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PUBLIC HEALTH
Health for the rural poor......
Despite several growth-oriented policies adopted by the government, the widening economic, regional and gender disparities are posing challenges for the health sector. About 75 per cent of health infrastructure, medical manpower and other health resources are concentrated in urban areas where only 27 per cent of the population lives. Contagious, infectious and waterborne diseases, such as diarrhoea, amoebiasis, typhoid, infectious hepatitis, worm infestations, measles, malaria, tuberculosis, whooping cough, respiratory infections, pneumonia and reproductive tract infections, dominate the morbidity pattern, especially in rural areas. However, non-communicable diseases, such as cancer, blindness, mental illness, hypertension, diabetes, HIV/AIDS, accidents and injuries, are also on the rise. The health status of Indians, especially that of the rural population, is still a cause for grave concern. This is reflected in the life expectancy (65 years), infant mortality rate (55/1,000 live births) and maternal mortality rate (438/100,000 live births). However, over a period of time, considerable progress has been made. To improve the prevailing situation, the problem of rural health has to be addressed both at the macro (national and state) and micro (district and regional) levels.
SAPNA is into the following public health initiatives :
   
 

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